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  • 試題題型【閱讀理解 Section C】
試題內容

      Divorce doesn't necessarily make adults happy. But toughing it out in an unhappy marriage until it turns around just might do, a new study says.

  The research identified happy and unhappy spouses. culled (選出 ) from a national database. Of the unhappy partners who divorced. about half were happy five years later. But unhappy spouses who stuck it out often did better. About two-thirds were happy five years later. Study results contradict what seems to be common sense, says David Blankenhorn of the Institute for American Values, a think-tank on the family. The institute helped sponsor the research leam based at the University of Chicago. Findings will be presented in Arlington, Va.. at the "Smart Marriage" conference. sponsored by the Coalition for Marriage. Families and Couples Education.

  The study looked at data on 5,232 married adults from the National Survey of Families and Households. It included .64.5 who were unhappy. The adults in the national sample were analyzed through 13 measures of psychological well being. Within the five years, 167 of the unhappy were divorced or separated and 478 stayed married.

  Divorce didn't reduce symptoms of depression, raise self-esteem or increase sense of mastery compared with those who stayed married, the report says.

  Results were controlled for factors including race, age, gender and income. Staying married did not tend to trap unhappy spouses in violent relationships. What helped the unhappy married turn things around? To supplement the formal study data, the research team asked professional firms to recruit focus groups totaling 55 adults who were "marriage survivors". All had moved from unhappy to happy marriages. These 55 once-discontented married felt their unions got better via one of three routes, the report says:

  Marital endurance. "Wich time, job situations improved, children got older or better. or chronic ongoing problems got put into new perspective." Partners did not work on their marriages.

  Marital work. Spouses actively worked "to solve problems, change behavior of improve communication".

  Personal change. Partners found "alternative ways to improve their own happiness and build a good and happy life despite a mediocre marriage." In effect the unhappy partner changed.

1.[單選題]Which of the following is true about the research under discussion?
  • A.It was conducted by che Institute for the American Values headed by David Blankenhorn.
  • B.It was sponsored by the Coalition for Marriage, Families and Couples Education.
  • C. Its subjects were chosen from a national database based at the University of Chicago.
  • D.Its report will be included in the schedule of the "Smart Marriage"conference.
  • 解題思路:第2段末句表明“智慧婚姻”會議的內容包括宣讀研究報告,由此可見,選項D是對第2段末句的近義改寫。第2段第6句表明選項A中提到的研究所贊助該研究,并非“主持”開展該研究,而且原文也沒有表示David Blankenhorn是該研究所的領導,故A不正確;第2段段末sponsored by 引出的名詞結構修飾的對象是“智慧婚姻”會議,它并沒有贊助該研究,故選項B不對;database在第2段首句提到,the University of Chicago在第6句提到,它們之間并沒有關系,選項C也不對。
2.[單選題]According to the report, chose unhappily-wedded may not survive their marriage by_______.
  • A.waiting for the living conditions to get improved
  • B.achieving children’s understanding
  • C.changing their own attitude towards mediocre marriages
  • D.working on their problems and strengthening communication
  • 解題思路:選項B在原文沒有提及,雖然倒數第3段第2句也提到了有關children的信息,但從該句不能推斷出與understanding有關的任何信息,因此B符合本題題意。選項A概括了政善婚姻的第1條途徑;選項D是第2途徑;而選項C是第3條途徑。
3.[單選題]The author's attitude towards divorce may best be described as ________".
  • A.critical
  • B.impersonal
  • C.arbitrary
  • D.scornful
  • 解題思路:首段的結構就像新聞報道的結構,將信息的來源放在了段末,指出本文將要介紹一項新研究的結果,其他段落的首句都含有research, study或report等詞,表明本文作者只是客觀地轉述研究的過程和結果,沒有發表自己的見解,因此B正確。雖然本文顯示,在遇到不快樂的婚姻的時候,離婚并不一定使人快樂,但不能因此說作者對離婚抱著“批評”或“諷刺”的態度,因為本文主要介紹了一項研究及其結果,因此選項A和D都不正確;作者引用了研究中的很多數據,而且客觀地陳述了研究的結果,對divorce的任何評價都來自于那項研究,并沒有武斷地妄下結論,因此選項C也不正確。
4.[單選題]According to David Blankenhorn. people commonly believe that________.
  • A.divorce is a better solution to an unhappy marriage than staying together
  • B.divorce is not necessarily the only solution to an unhappy marriage
  • C.keeping an unhappy marriage needs much courage and endurance
  • D. to end an unhappy marriage or not is a tough decision for the spouses
  • 解題思路:根據第2段第5句首先可以推斷人們普遍的觀點與研究結果相反。第2段開頭四句表明堅持不離婚的人最終的情況會變得比離婚的人好,與此相反的觀點即為:人們通常認為離婚比堅持不離婚好。因此選項A為本題答案。選項B是本文的主題,研究的結果也支持這個說法,而人們普遍的看法應與此相反;第2段并沒有討淪如何才能維持婚姻,選項C是無關內容;本段對比了婚姻不幸福的人采取不同做法的結果,并沒有討論人們面臨婚姻問題時內心的掙扎,因此選項D也是無關內容。
5.[單選題]The 13 measures of psychological well-being are used to_______.
  • A.serve as the standards for choosing the subjects of the research
  • B.serve as the ways to help adults to get over their unhappy marriage
  • C.examine all the 5232 married adults
  • D.examine all the adults in the database
  • 解題思路:第3段第3句中的The adults in the national sample指的就是已被抽樣出來的受試者,即指第3段首句提到過的5232 married adults,因此本題答案為選項C。第3段第3句表明這13項指標是用于分析the adults in the national sample的,言下之意,sample(subjects) 都已經選好了,因此選項A的說法是錯誤的;該句也表示這13項指標是用于analyze受試者的,該段沒有進一步說明如何幫助婚姻不幸福的夫婦克服困難,因此選項B不難確;本文的主題是婚姻狀況,因此, 13項指標所分析的對象應該也與主題密切相關,不需要分析數據庫中的所有成年人,只要關注有婚則狀況的就行了,因此選項D覆蓋范圍過于寬泛,也不對。
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  • 參考答案:D,B,B,A,C
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