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  • 試題題型【閱讀理解 Section A】
試題內容
    If you look closely at some of the early copies of the Declaration of Independence, beyond the flourished signature of John Hancock and the other 55 men who signed it, you will also find the name of one woman, Mary Katherine Goddard. It was she, a Baltimore printer, who published the first official copies of the Declaration, the first copies that included the names of its signers and therefore heralded(宣布,預示)the support of all thirteen colonies.

  Mary Goddard first got into printing at the age of twenty-four when her brother opened a printing shop in Providence, Rhode Island, in 1762. When her proceeded to get into trouble with his partners and creditors, it was Mary Goddard and her mother who were left to run the shop. In 1765 they began publishing The Providence Gazette, a weekly newspaper. Similar problems seemed to follow her brother as he opened businesses in Philadelphia and again in Baltimore. Each time Ms. Goddard was brought in to run the newspapers. After starting Baltimore’s first newspaper, The Maryland Journal, in 1773, her brother went broke trying to organize a colonial postal service. While he was in debtor’s prison, Mary Katherine Goddard’s name appeared in the newspaper’s masthead (報頭) for the first time.

  When the Continental Congress fled there from Philadelphia in 1776, it commissioned Ms. Goddard to print the first official version of the Declaration of Independence in January 1777. After printing the documents, she herself paid the post riders to deliver the Declaration throughout the colonies.

  During the American Revolution, Mary Goddard continued to publish Baltimore’s only newspaper, which one historian claimed was “second to none among the colonies.” She was also the city’s postmaster from 1775 to 1789 --- appointed by Benjamin Franklin –and is considered to be the first woman to hold a federal position.

1.[單選題]With which of the following subjects is the passage mainly concerned?  
  • A.The accomplishment of a female publisher. 
  • B.The weaknesses of the newspaper industry. 
  • C.The rights of a female publisher. 
  • D.The publishing system in colonial America.
  • 解題思路:本題考察了對全文的理解。開始從獨立宣言的簽名引出了瑪麗的不平凡,然后介紹她創辦報紙,印刷《獨立宣言》,最后擔任市郵政局局長。文章并沒有介紹權力。出版系統的狀況,也沒有介紹出版工業的狀況,故答案為A.
2.[單選題]It can be inferred from the passage that Mary Goddard was ____. 
  • A.an accomplished businesswoman 
  • B.extremely wealthy 
  • C.a member of the Continental Congress 
  • D.a famous writer
  • 解題思路:第一段只是提到她是簽名人之一,并沒有說她是議員,所以C不對,也不能確定她是不是有錢,有名。從她的行為和成就看,可以肯定的是:她是一位取得了巨大成就的商業女性,故答案為A.
3.[單選題]Mary Goddard’s name appears on the Declaration of Independence because____.  
  • A.She helped write the original document 
  • B.She published the document 
  • C.She paid to have the document printed 
  • D.Her brother was in prison
  • 解題思路:本題有些隱蔽性。原文第二段最后說While he was in debtor’s prison, Mary Katherine Goddard’s name appeared in the newspaper’s masthead (報頭) for the first time.這說明在弟弟入獄后,她代替他繼續經營報業,所以應選B,文章根本沒有談到撰寫文章,付錢等事,所以A, C不符合題意,而D沒有發掘出背后的信息。故答案為B。
4.[單選題]According to the passage, Mary Goddard first became involved in publishing when she ____. 
  • A.was appointed by Benjamin Franklin 
  • B.signed the Declaration of Independence 
  • C.took over her brother’s printing shop  
  • D.moved to Baltimore
  • 解題思路:答案為第二段最后一句話,由for the first time可以知道答案,A, B所提到的事是在后期才做的,所以不合適,故答案為C。
5.[單選題]The word “there” in paragraph 3 refers to____.  
  • A.the colonies  
  • B.the print shop 
  • C.Baltimore 
  • D.Providence
  • 解題思路:由第一段可以知道,瑪麗印刷《獨立宣言》,由第二段可以知道,他的印刷工作都在巴而的摩進行。A, B, D在文中都沒有提到。故答案為C。
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  • 參考答案:A,A,B,C,C
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