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  • 試題題型【閱讀理解 Section A】
試題內容

 As war spreads to many corners of the globe, children sadly have been drawn into the centre of conflicts. In Afghanistan, Bosnia, and Colombia, however, groups of children have been taking part in peace education __1__. The children, after learning to resolve conflicts, took on the __2__ of peacemakers. The Children's Movement for Peace in Colombia was even nominated (提名) for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1998. Groups of children __3__ as peacemakers studied human rights and poverty issues in Colombia, eventually forming a group with five other schools in Bogotá known as The Schools of Peace.

  The classroom __4__ opportunities for children to replace angry, violent behaviors with __5__, peaceful ones. It is in the classroom that caring and respect for each person empowers children to take a step __6__ toward becoming peacemakers. Fortunately, educators have access to many online resources that are __7__ useful when helping children along the path to peace. The Young Peacemakers Club, started in 1992, provides a Website with resources for teachers and __8__ on starting a Kindness Campaign. The World Centres of Compassion for Children International call attention to children's rights and how to help the __9__ of war. Starting a Peacemakers' Club is a praiseworthy venture for a class and one that could spread to other classrooms and ideally affect the culture of the __10__ school.

 

A. acting      
B. assuming     
C. comprehensive   
D. cooperative     
E. entire

F. especially   
G. forward      
H. images          
I. information      
J. offers

K. projects    
L. respectively    
M. role             
N. technology     
O. victims

1.[選詞填空]
    • 解題思路:名詞辨析題。空格位于定冠詞the之后,介詞of之前,缺少名詞,要幫助的應該是孩子--戰爭的受害者。
    2.[選詞填空]
      • 解題思路:形容詞辨析題。空格位于定冠詞the之后,名詞school之前,缺少定語。根據文章意思,先在一個班級創建和平締造者俱樂部,然后擴展到其他班,最后影響到整個學校的文化氛圍。entire"整個"符合題意。
      3.[選詞填空]
        • 解題思路:形容詞辨析題。空格處單詞作ones的定語,與peaceful并列,意義應該與angry相反。cooperative 意為"合作的" Ccomprehensive意為"理解的,廣泛的",意義不符。
        4.[選詞填空]
          • 解題思路:副詞辨析題。空格位于take a step之后,介詞toward之前,需要副詞。孩子需要向前邁進一步成為和平締造者。take a step forward"向前邁進一步" Lrespectively意為"分別地",意義不符。
          5.[選詞填空]
            • 解題思路:動詞辨析題。空格句謂語動詞為studied,因此as peacemakers作主語Groups of children的定語,as意為"是,作為"。此處應用現在分詞作定語,選項中的另一個現在分詞為Bassuming意為"假設",不符合句意。
            6.[選詞填空]
              • 解題思路:動詞辨析題。空格處缺少謂語,直接賓語為opportunities,需要及物動詞。答案只能選offer。

              7.[選詞填空]
                • 解題思路:名詞辨析題。空格位于定冠詞the之后,介詞of之前,缺少名詞,與took on the...of搭配,因此選M)role"角色"A)acting 意思接近句意,但是不能和took on the...of 搭配。
                8.[選詞填空]
                  • 解題思路:名詞辨析題。根據句意,空格處缺少名詞,意為"活動,項目" Himages意為"影像,圖像"O)victims 意為"受害者",均與句意不符。
                  9.[選詞填空]
                    • 解題思路:副詞辨析題。空格位于be動詞與表語useful之間,需要副詞修飾usefulespecially符合題意。
                    10.[選詞填空]
                      • 解題思路:名詞辨析題。空格處需要名詞,意義與resources 或者teachers 并列。image為名詞,看似與resources并列,但意義不如information恰當。
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