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       Chinese writer Mo Yan has won the 2012 Nobel Prize in Literature (文學). He is the first Chinese who lives and works in China to win the prize.

Mo Yan, the pen name for Guan Moye, was born in 1955 and grew up in Gaomi, Shandong Province. His parents were farmers. He left school to work at the age of 12, first on the farm, later in a factory. In 1976 he joined the PLA and during this time he began to study literature and writing. His first short story was published in 1981.

He has written many famous books about his childhood and his hometown. The novel Red Sorghum Family (《紅高粱家族》) is one of them. It tells five stories that took place in Gaomi during the 1930s and 1940s. The book was published in 1987 and translated into English in 1993. It was made into a popular movie in 1987 by the well-known director Zhang Yimou.

Besides his novels, Mo Yan has published many short stories and essays (散文). He is regarded as one of the greatest writers in China. Many of his books have been translated into English, French and many other languages.

The Nobel Prizes were set up by Alfred Nobel, a great Swedish inventor, in 1895. The winner will win a medal, a diploma (證書) and a cash award of 8 million Swedish Kronor (about 7 million yuan).


1.[單選題]Which is NOT true about Mo Yan's books?
  • A.Most of the stories happened in his hometown.
  • B.They have been translated into foreign languages.
  • C.They have been made into movies by Zhang Yimou.
  • D.They are not only novels but also short stories and essays.
  • 解題思路:由第三段介紹了莫言的《紅高粱家族》被張藝謀拍成電影,但沒有說他的許多作品都由張藝謀拍成電影,因此C選項錯誤,故選C。
2.[單選題]What can we know from the second paragraph?
  • A.Mo Yan lived a hard life when he was young.
  • B.Mo Yan's family was rich when he was young.
  • C. Mo Yan had good education in his early life.
  • D.Mo Yan liked writing when he worked in the factory.
  • 解題思路:文章第二段描述了莫言的童年生活,他的父母都是農民,他很早輟學去務農或做工,因此他的童年是很艱苦的,故選A。
3.[單選題]When did Mo Yan leave school to work on the farm?
  • A.In 1955.
  • B. In 1967.
  • C. In 1976.
  • D.In 1981.
  • 解題思路:由第二段內容可知莫言生于1955年,12歲那年輟學去農場工作,所以那一年是1967,故選B。
4.[單選題]What was Alfred Nobel?
  • A. He was a poet.
  • B. He was a director.
  • C.He was an inventor.
  • D. He was a writer.
  • 解題思路:由最后一段第一句話“The Nobel Prizes were set up by Alfred Nobel, a great Swedish inventor, in 1895.”可知諾貝爾是一名發明家,故選C。
5.[單選題]What is mainly talked about in the passage?
  • A.Mo Yan has written many famous books.
  • B.Mo Yan's stories have been translated into foreign languages.
  • C.Alfred Nobel set up the Nobel Prizes.
  • D.Mo Yan has won the 2012 Nobel Prize for Literature.
  • 解題思路:全文主要講述了莫言獲得2012年諾貝爾文學獎,故選D。
  • 參考答案:C,A,B,C,D
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