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  • 試題題型【閱讀理解 Section C】
試題內容

    Americans are proud of their variety and individuality, yet they love and respect few things more than a uniform, whether it is the uniform of an elevator operator or the uniform of a five-star general. Why are uniforms so popular in the United States?
  Among the arguments for uniforms, one of the first is that in the eyes of most people they look more professional than civilian clothes. People have become conditioned to expect superior quality from a man who wears a uniform. The television repairman who wears uniform tends to inspire more trust than one who appears in civilian clothes. Faith in the skill of a garage mechanic is increased by a uniform. What easier way is there for a nurse, a policeman, a barber, or a waiter to lose professional identity(身份) than to step out of uniform?
  Uniform also have many practical benefits. They save on other clothes. They save on laundry bills. They are tax-deductible(可減稅的). They are often more comfortable and more durable than civilian clothes.
  Primary among the arguments against uniforms are their lack of variety and the consequent loss of individuality experienced by people who must wear them. Though there are many types of uniforms, the wearer of any particular type is generally stuck with it, without change, until retirement. When people look alike, they tend to think, speak, and act similarly, on the job at least.
  Uniform also give rise to some practical problems. Though they are long lasting, often their initial expense is greater than the cost of civilian clothes. Some uniforms are also expensive to maintain, requiring professional dry cleaning rather than the home laundering possible with many types of civilian clothes.

1.[單選題]The best title for this passage would be _____.
  • A.Uniforms and Society
  • B.The Importance of Wearing a Uniform
  • C.Practical Benefits of Wearing a Uniform
  • D.Advantages and Disadvantages of Uniform
  • 解題思路:主旨題。本文大意敘述了對制服的贊成與反對的兩種看法,故D為答案。
2.[單選題]People are accustomed to thinking that a man in uniform ____.
  • A.suggests quality work
  • B.discards his social identity
  • C.appears to be more practical
  • D.looks superior to a person in civilian clothes
  • 解題思路:細節推斷題。第二段,人們習慣于認為穿制服的人專業程度高,文章還為此舉了好幾個例子。總之,文章給人的印象是,穿制服的比穿平常服裝的更能獲得人的信賴,故答案為A。
3.[單選題]According to the passage, people wearing uniforms ____.
  • A.are usually helpful
  • B.have little or no individual freedom
  • C.tend to lose their individuality
  • D.enjoy greater popularity
  • 解題思路:細節推斷題。文章說人們往往認為穿制服的人專業化程度高,給人以信任感,但文章并沒說穿制服的人比不穿制服的人更樂于助人,更受歡迎,或缺少自由。所以A,B,D都不對。而第四段首句是穿制服的人可能因缺乏多樣性從而缺乏個性,所以C正確。
4.[單選題]The chief function of a uniform is to ____.
  • A.provide practical benefits to the wearer
  • B.make the wearer catch the public eyes
  • C.inspire the wearer’s confidence in himself
  • D.provide the wearer with a professional identity
  • 解題思路:細節推斷題。文章第二段說,還有什么比脫下制服更容易使人喪失職業身份的方法呢?因此制服的首要功能是職業身份,既不是提供實惠也不是為了吸引注意力,因此,D項是正確的答案。
5.[單選題]1.It is surprising that Americans who worship variety and individuality ____.
  • A.still judge a man by his clothes
  • B.hold the uniform in such high regard
  • C.enjoy having a professional identity
  • D.will respect an elevator operator as much as a general in uniform
  • 解題思路:細節題。首段首句,美國人雖然崇拜多樣性和個性,但對制服卻情有獨鐘。
大學英語四級在線題庫
  • 參考答案:D,A,C,D,B
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