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  • 試題題型【閱讀理解 Section C】
試題內容
Section C
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Passage one
Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.

    Tennessee's technical and community colleges will not outsource management of their facilities to a private company, a decision one leader said was bolstered by an analysis of spending at each campus.

    In an email sent Monday to college presidents in the Tennessee Board of Regents system, outgoing Chancellor John Morgan said an internal analysis showed that each campus' spending on facilities management fell well below the industry benchmarks identified by the state. Morgan said those findings — which included data from the system's 13 community colleges, 27 technical colleges and six universities — were part of the decision not to move forward with Gov. Bill Haslam's proposal to privatize management of state buildings in an effort to save money.

    "While these numbers are still being validated by the (state), we feel any adjustments they might suggest will be immaterial," Morgan wrote to the presidents. "System institutions are operating very efficiently based on this analysis, raising the question of the value of pursuing a broad scale outsourcing initiative."

    Workers' advocates have criticized Haslam's plan, saying it would mean some campus workers would lose their jobs or benefits. Haslam has said colleges would be free to opt in or out of the outsourcing plan, which has not been finalized. 

    Morgan notified the Haslam administration of his decision to opt out in a letter sent last week. That letter, which includes several concerns Morgan has with the plan, originally was obtained by The Commercial Appeal in Memphis. 

    In an email statement from the state's Office of Customer Focused Government, which is examining the possibility of outsourcing, spokeswoman Michelle R. Martin said officials were still working to analyze the data from the Board of Regents. Data on management expenses at the college system and in other state departments will be part of a "business justification" the state will use as officials mull the specifics of an outsourcing plan.

    "The state’s facilities management project team is still in the process of developing its business justification and expects to have that completed and available to the public at the end of February," Martin said. "At this time there is nothing to take action on since the analysis has yet to be completed."

    Morgan's comments on outsourcing mark the second time this month that he has come out against one of Haslam's plans for higher education in Tennessee. Morgan said last week that he would retire at the end of January because of the governor's proposal to split six universities off of the Board of Regents system and create separate governing boards for each of them. In his resignation letter, Morgan called the reorganization "unworkable."

1.[單選題]Workers' supporters argue that Bill Haslam's proposal would
  • A.deprive colleges of the right to manage their facilities
  • B.make workers less motivated in performing duties
  • C.ender a number of campus workers jobless
  • D.lead to the privatization of campus facilities
  • 解題思路:很據題干中的workers' supporter和Bill Haslam's proposal定位到文章第四段第一句.該句指出,工人利益的倡導者們批評哈斯拉姆的方案,稱這將意味著一些校園工作者會失去其工作或福利,故答案為C。
2.[單選題]What do we learn about the decision of technical and community colleges in Tennessee?
  • A.It is backed by a campus spending analysis.
  • B.It has been flatly rejected by the governor.
  • C.It has neglected their faculty's demands.
  • D.It will improve their financial situation.
  • 解題思路:由題干中的decision和technical and community colleges in Tennessee定位到文章第一段。第一段指出,田納西州技術學院和社區學院的決定是不會將其設施管理外包給一家私人公司的,而緊跟其后又提到一份對各離校支出分析的報告支待了該決定.由此可知,校園支出分析報告支持了田納西州技術學院和社區學院的決定,故答案為A)
3.[單選題]What do we learn from the state spokeswoman's response to John Morgan's decision?
  • A.The outsourcing plan is not yet finalized.
  • B.The outsourcing plan will be implemented.
  • C.The state officials are confident about the outsourcing plan.
  • D.The college spending analysis justifies the outsourcing plan.
  • 解題思路:由題干中的the state spokeswoman's response和John Morgan's decision定位至文章第五段第一句和第 六段第一句以及第七段最后一句。第一個定位句指出.約翰·摩根的決定是退出外包;第二個定位句提到,該州發言人米歇爾·R·馬丁表示.政府官員仍在努力分析來自高等教育監管會的數據;第三個定位句指出.馬丁認為目前還沒有什么需要采取的行動.因為對高等教育監管會的數據分析還沒有完成.由此可知.馬丁對摩根的決定的回應是,外包方案還在商議中,仍未被敲定,無需現在就決定退出,故答案為A)
4.[單選題]Why did John Morgan decide to resign?
  • A.He had lost confidence in the Tennessee state government.
  • B.He disagreed with the governor on higher education policies.
  • C.He thought the state's outsourcing proposal was simply unworkable.
  • D.He opposed the governor's plan to reconstruct the college board system.
  • 解題思路:由題干中的John Morgan和resign定位到文章最后一段最后兩句.這兩句指出,摩根上周表示.他將于一月底退休,因為州長提議分拆高娜教育監管會系統里的六所大學.井為它們各自設立一個董事會,在他的辭職信中.摩根稱重組“不可行”。由此可知,摩根辭職的原因是州長建議重組院佼董事會系統,而摩根認為重組“不可行”表明他對州長的這項提案持反對態度.故答案為D)
5.[單選題]What does the campus spending analysis reveal?
  • A.Private companies play a big role in campus management.
  • B.Facilities management by colleges is more cost-effective.
  • C.Facilities management has greatly improved in recent years.
  • D.Colleges exercise full control over their own financial affairs.
  • 解題思路:由題干中的the campus spending analysis reveal定位到文章第二段第一句和第三段最后一句。這兩句指出,內部分析顯示.各高校的設施管理支出都遠低于該州確定的行業標準。基于該分析,系統內的各院校運營高效,這令人質疑追求大規摸外包業務的價值。由此可知.由院校自行管理設施比外包更為劃算.故答案為B).
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  • 參考答案:C,A,A,D,B
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